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Details of Dr. Humfrey Melling   


Gender male
Job title Research Scientist
Department Ocean Science and Productivity Division
Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Institute of Ocean Sciences ( DFO-IOS)
9860 West Saanich Road P.O. Box 6000 Sidney V8L 4B2
9860 West Saanich Road
V8L 4B2
Tel +1 250 363-6552
Fax +1 250 363-6746
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Website http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/science/oceanography-oceanographie/index-eng.html
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Degree Ph.D (Physical Meteorology),M.Sc.,B.Sc (Math & Physics)
Job type Research
Research Area(s) Physical Oceanography , Physical Oceanography
Research Activities Focus of interest is high latitude oeanography and sea ice. Pioneer in the application of aircraft-based techniques to the study of ice-covered oceans. Ocean measurements using such techniques over a wide area in the Beaufort Sea, the Arctic Ocean and the Canadian polar shelf since 1980. Data on variations & ternd in the Arctic coastal ocean, over seasonal and longer time scales. Development of reliable techniques for the deployment and recovery of moored instrumentation in ice-covered waters.
Research Region Arctic Ocean, Beaufort Sea, Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Skills/Expertise Planning & execution of Arctic marine research expeditions. Ocean instrument development. Atmosphere-ice-ocean interaction. Sea ice. Shelf circulation & dynamics.
PUBLICATIONS (as reported by Dr. Humfrey MELLING)

O'Brien, MC, H Melling, TF Pedersen and RW Macdonald (2013) The role of eddies and oceanographic context on particle flux in the Canada Basin of the Arctic Ocean Deep Sea Research I 71, 1-20. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2012.10.004
Rudels, B, L Anderson, G Björk, E Fahrbach. EP Jones, H Melling, S Prinsenberg, U Schauer (2012) Observations in the Ocean Chapter 4, in Arctic Climate Change - The ACSYS Decade and Beyond. Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library 43, doi 10.1007/978-94-007-2027-5_3. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 464 pp
Gaden, A, SH Ferguson, L. Harwood, H Melling, J Alikamik amd GA Stern (2012) Western Canadian Arctic ringed seal organic contaminant trends in relation to sea ice break-up Environmental Science & Technology 46, 4427-4433. doi:10.1021/es204127j
Rabe, B, H. Johnson, A. Muenchow and H. Melling (2012) Geostrophic ocean current and freshwater fluxes across the Canadian polar shelf via Nares Strait Journal of Marine Research 70, 603-640. doi/10.1357/002224012805262725
Melling, H (2012) Sea-Ice Observation: Advances and Challenges Chapter 3, in Arctic Climate Change - The ACSYS Decade and Beyond. Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library 43, doi 10.1007/978-94-007-2027-5_3. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 464 pp.
Harwood, L.A., T.G. Smith, H. Melling, J. Alikamik and M.C.S Kingsley (2012) Ringed seals and sea ice in Canada?s Western Arctic: harvest-based monitoring 1992-2011 Arctic 65, 377-390
Melling, H, R Francois, PG Myers, W Perrie, A Rochon, RL Taylor (2012) The Arctic Ocean ? A Canadian Perspective Climatic Change 115, 89-114. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0576-4
Muenchow, A, KK Falkner, H Melling, B Rabe and HL Johnson (2011) Ocean warming and freshening of Nares Strait bottom waters off NW Greenland (2003)-09 The Oceanography Magazine 24(3), 114-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.62
Falkner, KK, H Melling, AM Münchow, JE Box, T Wohlleben, HL Johnson, P Gudmandsen, R Samelson, L. Copland, K. Steffen, E. Rignot, AK Higgins (2011) Context for the recent massive Petermann Glacier calving event. EOS 92(14), 117-118
Carmack E.C. and H. Melling (2011) Warmth from the Deep Nature Geoscience 4, 7-8. doi:10.1038/ngeo1044
Beszczynska-Moeller, A, R. Woodgate, C. Lee, H. Melling and M. Karcher (2011) Arctic oceanic gateways synthesis The Oceanography Magazine 24(3), 82-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.59.
Moore, S, K Stafford, C Berchok, H Melling, O Wiig, K Kovacs, J Richter-Menge (2011) Comparing High Arctic underwater acoustic habitats in Atlantic and Pacific sectors: Year-long records from Fram Strait and the Chukchi Plateau Polar Biology doi 10.1007/s00300-011-1086-y
O'Brien, MC, H Melling, TF Pedersen and RW Macdonald (2011) The role of eddies and energetic ocean phenomena in the transport of sediment from shelf to basin in the Arctic Journal of Geophysical Research 116, C08001, doi:10.1029/2010JC006890
Melling, H (2011) Unforeseen Environmental Challenges: The best laid schemes: A Nares Strait adventure The Oceanography Magazine 24(3),124?125. http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.63
Johnson, H.L., A. Münchow, K.K. Falkner and H. Melling (2011) Ocean circulation and properties in Petermann Fjord Greenland Journal of Geophysical Research 116, C01003, doi:10.1029/2010JC006519.
Carmack, E.C., F.A. McLaughlin, S. Vagle, H. Melling and W.J. Williams (2010) Structure and property distributions in the three oceans surrounding Canada in (2007): A basis for a long-term ocean climate monitoring strategy Atmosphere-Ocean 48(4), 211-234, doi:10.3137/OC324.2010
Christensen, J.P. and H. Melling (2010) Mesoscale distribution of springtime waters and nutrients near the continental shelf break Beaufort Sea Alaska The Open Oceanography Journal 4, 115-136.
Lee, CM, H Melling, H Eicken, P Schlosser, JCGascard, A Proshutinsky, E Fahrbach, C Mauritzen, J Morison and I Polyakov (2010) Autonomous Platforms in the Arctic Observing Network In Proceedings of OceanObs?09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September (2009), Hall, J., Harrison D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306
Rabe, B, A. Muenchow, H. Johnson and H. Melling (2010) Nares Strait hydrography and salinity field from a three-year moored array Journal of Geophysical Research 115, C07010, doi:10.1029/2009JC005966
Prowse TD, C Furgal, H Melling and SL. Smith (2009) Implications of Climate Change for Northern Canada: The Physical Environment Ambio 28(5), 266-271.
Christensen, J.P. and H. Melling (2009) Correcting nitrate profiles measured by the in situ ultraviolet spectrophotometer (ISUS) in Arctic Ocean waters. The Open Oceanography Journal 3, 59-66
Gaden, A., S.H. Ferguson, L. Harwood, H. Melling and G.A. Stern (2009) Mercury trends in ringed seals (Phoca hispida) from the western Canadian Arctic since 1973: Associations with length of the ice-free season Environmental Science & Technology 43: 3646-3651. doi:10.1021/es803293z
Fukamachi, Y., K. Shirasawa, A.M. Polomoshnov, K.I. Oshima, E. Kalinin, S. Nihashi, H. Melling, G. Mizuta and M. Wakatsuchi (2009) Direct observations of sea-ice thickness and brine rejection off Sakhalin in the Sea of Okhotsk Continental Shelf Research 29,1541?1548. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2009.04.005
Prowse TD, C Furgal, R Chouinard, H Melling, D Milburn and SL. Smith (2009) Implications of Climate Change for Economic Development in Northern Canada: Energy, Resource and Transportation Sectors Ambio 28(5), 272-281.
Fissel, D.B., J.R. Marko and H. Melling. (2008) Advances in upward looking sonar technology for studying the processes of change in Arctic Ocean ice climate Journal of Operational Oceanography 1(1), 9-18.
Muenchow, A. and H. Melling (2008) Ocean flux observations from Nares Strait to the west of Greenland: Interannual to tidal variability and forcing Journal of Marine Research 66(6), 801-833
Conlan, K., A. Aitken, E. Hendrycks, C. McClelland and H. Melling (2008) Canadian Beaufort shelf macrobenthos: A wealth for top predators Journal of Marine Systems 74 ((2008)) 864?886. doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2007.10.002
Melling, H., T.A. Agnew, K.K. Falkner, D.A. Greenberg, C.M. Lee, A. Münchow, B. Petrie, S.J. Prinsenberg, R.M. Samelson, R.A. Woodgate (2008) Fresh-water fluxes via Pacific and Arctic outflows across the Canadian polar shelf In, Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes: Defining the role of the Northern Seas in climate. R.R. Dickson et al. (eds.), 193-247. Springer Science + Business Media B.V. PO Box 17, 3300 AA Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Williams, W.J., H. Melling, E.C. Carmack and G. Ingram (2008) Kugmallit Valley as a conduit for cross-shelf exchange on the Mackenzie Shelf in the Beaufort Sea Journal of Geophysical Research 113, doi:10.1029/2006JC00359
Carmack, E.C., F.A. McLaughlin, S. Vagle and H. Melling (2008) Canada's Three Oceans (C3O): A Canadian contribution to the International Polar Year Pices Press 16(2), 22-25. ISSN 1195-2512
Paull, C.K., W. Ussler III, S.R. Dallimore, S.M. Blasco, T.D. Lorenson, H. Melling, B.E. Medioli, F.M. Nixon and F.A. McLaughlin (2007) Origins of pingo-like features on the Beaufort Sea shelf and their possible relationship to decomposing gas hydrates Geophysical Research Letters 34, L1603, doi:10.1029/2006GL027977
Timmermans, M.L., H. Melling and L. Rainville (2007) Dynamics in the deep Canada Basin Arctic Ocean inferred by thermistor-chain time series Journal of Physical Oceanography 37(4), 1066-1076.
Muenchow, A., K.K. Falkner and H. Melling (2007) Spatial continuity of measured seawater and tracer fluxes through Nares Strait, a dynamically wide channel within the Canadian Archipelago Journal of Marine Research 65, 759?788
Dumas, J.A., H. Melling and G.M. Flato (2007) Late-summer pack ice in the Canadian Archipelago: Thickness observations from a ship in transit Atmosphere-Ocean 45, 1 450105.
Williams, W.J., E.C. Carmack, K. Aagaard, R.W. Macdonald, G. Ingram, K. Shimada and H. Melling (2006) Joint effects of wind and ice motion in forcing upwelling in Mackenzie Trough, Beaufort Sea Continental Shelf Research 26, 2352-2366. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2006.06.012
Atkinson, D.E., R. Brown, B. Alt, T. Agnew, J. Bourgeois, M. Burgess, C. Duguay, G. Henry, S. Jeffers, R. Koerner, A.G. Lewkowicz, S. McCourt, H. Melling, M. Sharp, S. Smith, A. Walker, K. Wilson, S. Wolfe, M-K. Woo, K. Young (2006) Canadian cryospheric response to an anomalous warm summer: A synthesis of the Climate Change Action Fund project ?The State of the Arctic Cryosphere during the Extreme Warm Summer of (1998)? Atmosphere-Ocean 44(4), 347?375.
O'Brien, M.O., R.W. Macdonald, H. Melling and K. Iseki (2006) Particle fluxes and geochemistry on the Canadian Beaufort Shelf: implications for sediment transport and deposition Continental Shelf Research 26, 41?81. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2005.09.007
Amundrud, T. L., H. Melling, R.G. Ingram and S.E. Allen (2006) The effect of structural porosity on the melting of ridge keels in pack ice Journal of Geophysical Research 111, C06004, doi:10.1029/2005JC002895
Samelson, R.M., T. Agnew, H. Melling and A. Münchow (2006) Evidence for atmospheric control of sea-ice motion through Nares Strait Geophysical Research Letters 33, L02506, doi:10.1029/2005GL025016.
Muenchow, A., H. Melling and K.K. Falkner (2006) An observational estimate of volume and freshwater flux leaving the Arctic Ocean through Nares Strait Journal of Physical Oceanography 36, 2025-2041
Melling, H., D.A. Riedel and Z. Gedalof (2005) Trends in the draft and extent of seasonal pack ice, Canadian Beaufort Sea Geophysical Research Letters 32, L24501, doi:10.1029/2005GL024483.
Dumas, J., E.C. Carmack and H. Melling (2004) Climate-change impacts on the Beaufort shelf land-fast ice. Cold Regions Science and Technology 42, 41?51
Amundrud, T., H. Melling and R.G. Ingram (2004) Geometric constraints on the evolution of ridged sea ice. Journal of Geophysical Research 109, C06005, doi:10.1029/2003JC002251
McLaughlin, F.A., E.C. Carmack, R.W. Macdonald, H. Melling, J.H. Swift, P.A. Wheeler, B.F. Sherr and E.B. Sherr (2004) The joint roles of Pacific and Atlantic-origin waters in the Canada Basin, 1997-1998 Deep Sea Res I, 51, 107-128
Fukamachi, Y., G. Mizuta, K.I. Oshima, H. Melling, D. Fissel and M. Wakatsuchi (2003) Variability of sea-ice draft of Hokkaido in the Sea of Okhotsk revealed by a moored ice-profiling sonar in winter of (1999) Geophysical Research Letters 30(7), 2002GL016197
Melling, H. (2002) Sea ice of the northern Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(C11), 3181, doi:10.1029/2001JC001102, 21 pp.
Ingram, R.G., J. Bâcle, D.G. Barber, Y. Gratton and H. Melling (2002) A review of physical processes in the North Water Deep-Sea Research, Deep-Sea Research II, 49(22-23), 4893-4906.
Melling, H., Y. Gratton and R.G. Ingram (2001) Ocean circulation within the North Water Polynya of Baffin Bay Atmosphere-Ocean 39(3), 301-325.
Harwood, L.A., T. G. Smith and H. Melling (2000) Variation in reproduction and body condition of the ringed seal (Phoca hispida) in western Prince Albert Sound (NT Canada) as assessed through a harvest-based sampling program. Arctic 53(4), 422-431.
MELLING, H. (1998) Hydrographic changes in the Canada Basin of the Arctic Ocean, 1979-1996. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103(C4), 7637-7645.
MELLING, H. (1998) Detection of features in first-year pack ice by synthetic aperture radar (SAR). International Journal of Remote Sensing, 19(6), 1223-1249.
Melling, H. (1998) Hydrographic changes in the Canada Basin of the Arctic Ocean, 1979-1996. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103(C4), 7637-7645.
MELLING, H. (1998) Sound scattering by sea ice: Aspects relevant to ice-draft profiling by sonar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 15, 1023-1033.
GALLOWAY, J.L. and H. MELLING. (1997) Tracking the motion of sea ice by correlation sonar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 14(3), 616-629.
MELLING, H. and D.A. RIEDEL. (1996) Development of seasonal pack ice in the Beaufort Sea during the winter of 1991-1992: A view from below. Journal of Geophysical Research 101(C5), 11975-11991.
MELLING, H. and D.A. RIEDEL. (1996) The thickness and ridging of pack ice causing difficult shipping conditions in the Beaufort Sea, Summer 1991. Atmosphere-Ocean 34(3), 243-267.

Group(s): GLODIR
Created: 1999-11-10 Last Updated: 2014-06-03 by Humfrey MELLING