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Details of Dr. J. Emmett Duffy   


Gender male
Job title Director
Department Tennenbaum Marine Observatories Network
Smithsonian Institution PO Box 37012 NHB MRC 106
Tel 1-202-633-4037
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Website http://marinegeo.si.edu/
Social Media Links
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Job type Research
Research Area(s) Biological Oceanography, Marine Ecology , Biological Oceanography, Marine Ecology
Research Activities Coordinate the Tennenbaum Marine Observatories Network and MarineGEO program
Research Region 102
Working languages English, some Spanish
Skills/Expertise Experimental ecology, ecological statistics, invertebrate taxonomy
PUBLICATIONS (as reported by Dr. J. DUFFY)

Duffy, J. E., P. L. Reynolds, C. Boström, J. A. Coyer, M. Cusson, S. Donadi, J. G. Douglass, J. S. Eklöf, A. H. Engelen, B. K. ERIKSSON, S. Fredriksen, L. Gamfeldt, C. Gustafsson, G. Hoarau, M. Hori, K. Hovel, K. Iken, J. S. Lefcheck, P.-O. Moksnes, M. Nakaoka, M. I. O'connor, J. L. Olsen, J. P. Richardson, J. L. Ruesink, E. E. Sotka, J. Thormar, M. A. Whalen, and J. J. Stachowicz. 2015. Biodiversity mediates top-down control in eelgrass ecosystems: a global comparative-experimental approach. Ecology Letters 18:696?705.
STUART-SMITH, R. D., A. E. Bates, J. S. Lefcheck, J. E. Duffy, S. C. Baker, R. J. Thomson, J. F. Stuart-Smith, N. A. Hill, S. J. Kininmonth, L. Airoldi, M. A. Becerro, S. J. Campbell, T. P. Dawson, S. A. Navarrete, G. Soler, E. M. A. Strain, T. J. Willis, and G. J. Edgar. 2015. Marine Policy. Marine Policy 51:148?150.
Lefcheck, J. S., J. E. K. Byrnes, F. Isbell, L. Gamfeldt, J. N. Griffin, N. Eisenhauer, M. J. S. Hensel, A. Hector, B. J. Cardinale, and J. E. Duffy. 2015. Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats. Nature Communications 6:6936.
Reynolds, P. L., J. Paul Richardson, and J. Emmett Duffy. 2014. Field experimental evidence that grazers mediate transition between microalgal and seagrass dominance. LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY 59:1053?1064.
Lefcheck, J. S., A. Buchheister, K. M. Laumann, M. A. Stratton, K. L. Sobocinski, S. T. C. Chak, T. R. Clardy, P. L. Reynolds, R. J. Latour, and J. E. Duffy. 2014. Dimensions of biodiversity in Chesapeake Bay demersal fishes: patterns and drivers through space and time. Ecosphere 5:art14.
Gamfeldt, L., J. S. Lefcheck, J. E. K. Byrnes, B. J. Cardinale, J. E. Duffy, and J. N. Griffin. 2014. Marine biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: what?s known and what?s next? Oikos 124:252?265.
Byrnes, J. E. K., L. Gamfeldt, F. Isbell, J. S. Lefcheck, J. N. Griffin, A. Hector, B. J. Cardinale, D. U. Hooper, L. E. Dee, and J. Emmett Duffy. 2014. Investigating the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality: challenges and solutions. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5:111?124.
STUART-SMITH, R. D., A. E. Bates, J. S. Lefcheck, J. E. Duffy, S. C. Baker, R. J. Thomson, J. F. Stuart-Smith, N. A. Hill, S. J. Kininmonth, L. Airoldi, M. A. Becerro, S. J. Campbell, T. P. Dawson, S. A. Navarrete, G. A. Soler, E. M. A. Strain, T. J. Willis, and G. J. Edgar. 2013. Integrating abundance and functional traits reveals new global hotspots of fish diversity. Nature 501:539?542.
Duffy, J. E., K. S. Macdonald III, K. M. Hultgren, T. C. S. Chak, and D. R. Rubenstein. 2013. Decline and Local Extinction of Caribbean Eusocial Shrimp. PLoS ONE 8:e54637.
Staudinger, M. D., S. L. Carter, M. S. Cross, N. S. Dubois, J. E. Duffy, C. Enquist, R. Griffis, J. J. Hellmann, J. J. Lawler, J. O'Leary, S. A. Morrison, L. Sneddon, B. A. Stein, L. M. Thompson, and W. Turner. 2013. Biodiversity in a changing climate: a synthesis of current and projected trends in the US. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11:465?473.
Duffy, J. E., L. A. Amaral-Zettler, D. G. Fautin, G. Paulay, T. A. RYNEARSON, H. M. Sosik, and J. J. Stachowicz. 2013. Envisioning a Marine Biodiversity Observation Network. BioScience 63:350?361.
Ruckelshaus, M. H., S. C. Doney, H. M. Galindo, J. P. Barry, F. Chan, J. E. Duffy, C. A. English, S. D. Gaines, J. M. Grebmeier, A. B. Hollowed, N. Knowlton, J. Polovina, N. N. Rabalais, W. J. Sydeman, and L. D. Talley. 2013. Securing ocean benefits for society in the face of climate change. Marine Policy 40:154?159.
Hultgren, K. M., and J. E. Duffy. 2012. Phylogenetic community ecology and the role of social dominance in sponge-dwelling shrimp. Ecology Letters 15:704?713.
Poore, A. G. B., A. H. Campbell, R. A. Coleman, G. J. Edgar, V. Jormalainen, P. L. Reynolds, E. E. Sotka, J. J. Stachowicz, R. B. Taylor, M. A. Vanderklift, and J. E. Duffy. 2012. Global patterns in the impact of marine herbivores on benthic primary producers. Ecology Letters 15:912?922.
Cardinale, B. J., J. E. Duffy, A. Gonzalez, D. U. Hooper, C. Perrings, P. Venail, A. Narwani, G. M. Mace, D. Tilman, D. A. Wardle, A. P. Kinzig, G. C. Daily, M. Loreau, J. B. Grace, A. Larigauderie, D. S. Srivastava, and S. Naeem. 2012. Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature 486:59?67.
Hooper, D. U., E. C. Adair, B. J. Cardinale, J. E. K. Byrnes, B. A. Hungate, K. L. Matulich, A. Gonzalez, J. E. Duffy, L. Gamfeldt, and M. I. O'connor. 2012. A global synthesis reveals biodiversity loss as a major driver of ecosystem change. Nature 486:105?108.
Naeem, S., J. E. Duffy, and E. Zavaleta. 2012. The Functions of Biological Diversity in an Age of Extinction. Science (New York, NY) 336:1401?1406.
Doney, S. C., M. RUCKELSHAUS, J. E. Duffy, J. P. Barry, F. Chan, C. A. English, H. M. Galindo, J. M. Grebmeier, A. B. Hollowed, and N. Knowlton. 2011. Climate Change Impacts on Marine Ecosystems. Annual Review of Marine Science 4:11?37.
Hultgren, K. M., and J. E. Duffy. 2011. Multi-Locus Phylogeny of Sponge-Dwelling Snapping Shrimp (Caridea: Alpheidae: Synalpheus) Supports Morphology-Based Species Concepts. JOURNAL OF CRUSTACEAN BIOLOGY 31:352?360.
Cardinale, B. J., K. L. Matulich, D. U. Hooper, J. E. Byrnes, E. Duffy, L. Gamfeldt, P. Balvanera, M. I. O'connor, and A. Gonzalez. 2011. The functional role of producer diversity in ecosystems. American Journal of Botany 98:572?592.
Hultgren, K. M., K. S. Macdonald, and J. E. Duffy. 2011. Sponge-dwelling snapping shrimps (Alpheidae: Synalpheus) of Barbados, West Indies, with a description of a new eusocial species. Zootaxa 2834:1?16.
Hultgren, K. M., K. S. Macdonald, and J. E. Duffy. 2010. Zootaxa, Sponge-dwelling snapping shrimps of Curaçao, with descriptions of three new species. Zootaxa 2372:221?262.
Foley, M. M., B. S. Halpern, F. Micheli, M. H. Armsby, M. R. Caldwell, C. M. Crain, E. Prahler, N. Rohr, D. Sivas, undefined author, M. H. Carr, L. B. Crowder, J. E. Duffy, S. D. Hacker, K. L. Mcleod, S. R. Palumbi, C. H. Peterson, H. M. Regan, M. H. Ruckelshaus, undefined author, and R. S. Steneck. 2010. Guiding ecological principles for marine spatial planning. Marine Policy 34:955?966.
Douglass, J. G., K. E. France, J. Paul Richardson, and J. E. Duffy. 2010. Seasonal and interannual change in a Chesapeake Bay eelgrass community: Insights into biotic and abiotic control of community structure. LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY 55:1499?1520.
Duffy, J. E., and K. S. Macdonald. 2010. Kin structure, ecology and the evolution of social organization in shrimp: a comparative analysis. Proceedings Of The Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 277:575?584.
Duffy, J. E. 2009. Why biodiversity is important to the functioning of real-world ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7:437?444.
Macdonald, K. S. M., K. Hultgren, and J. E. Duffy. 2009. The sponge-dwelling snapping shrimps (Crustacea, Decapoda, Alpheidae, Synalpheus) of Discovery Bay, Jamaica, with descriptions of four new species. Zootaxa 2199:1?57.
Stachowicz, J. J., J. F. Bruno, and J. E. Duffy. 2007. Understanding the effects of marine biodiversity on communities and ecosystems. ANNUAL REVIEW OF ECOLOGY EVOLUTION AND SYSTEMATICS 38:739?766.
Rios, R., and J. E. Duffy. 2007. A review of the sponge-dwelling snapping shrimp from Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, with description of Zuzalpheus, new genus, and six new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Alpheidae). Zootaxa 1602:1?89.
Duffy, J. E., B. J. Cardinale, K. E. France, P. B. McIntyre, E. Thébault, and M. Loreau. 2007. The functional role of biodiversity in ecosystems: incorporating trophic complexity. Ecology Letters 10:522?538.
Worm, B., E. B. Barbier, N. Beaumont, J. E. Duffy, C. Folke, B. S. Halpern, J. B. C. Jackson, H. K. Lotze, F. Micheli, S. R. Palumbi, E. Sala, K. A. Selkoe, J. J. Stachowicz, and R. Watson. 2006. Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science (New York, NY) 314:787?790.
Macdonald, K. S., III, R. Ríos, and J. E. Duffy. 2006. Biodiversity, host specificity, and dominance by eusocial species among sponge?dwelling alpheid shrimp on the Belize Barrier Reef. Diversity and Distributions 12:165?178.
Duffy, J. E. 2006. Biodiversity and the functioning of seagrass ecosystems. Marine Ecology Progress Series 311:233?250.
Cardinale, B. J., D. S. Srivastava, J. E. Duffy, J. P. Wright, A. L. Downing, M. Sankaran, and C. Jouseau. 2006. Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of trophic groups and ecosystems. Nature 443:989?992.
France, K. E., and J. E. Duffy. 2006. Diversity and dispersal interactively affect predictability of ecosystem function. Nature 441:1139?1143.
Duffy, J., and J. Stachowicz. 2006. Why biodiversity is important to oceanography: potential roles of genetic, species, and trophic diversity in pelagic ecosystem processes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 311:179?189.
Valentine, J., and J. Duffy. 2006. The central role of grazing in seagrass ecology. Seagrasses: Biology, ecology, and conservation. Springer:463?501.
Duffy, J. E., J. P. Richardson, and K. France. 2005. Ecosystem consequences of diversity depend on food chain length in estuarine vegetation. Ecology Letters 8:301?309.
Morrison, C. L., R. Rios, and J. E. Duffy. 2004. Phylogenetic evidence for an ancient rapid radiation of Caribbean sponge-dwelling snapping shrimps (Synalpheus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30:563?581.
Duffy, J. E. 2003. Biodiversity loss, trophic skew and ecosystem functioning. Ecology Letters 6:680?687.
Worm, B., and J. E. Duffy. 2003. Biodiversity, productivity and stability in real food webs. Trends in ecology & evolution (Personal edition) 18:628?632.
Duffy, J. E. 2002. Biodiversity and ecosystem function: the consumer connection. Oikos 99:201?219.
Duffy, J. E., and M. E. Hay. 2000. Strong impacts of grazing amphipods on the organization of a benthic community. Ecological Monographs 70:237?263.
Duffy, J. E., C. L. Morrison, and R. Ríos. 2000. Multiple origins of eusociality among sponge-dwelling shrimps (Synalpheus). Evolution 54:503?516.
Duffy, J. E. 1996. Eusociality in a coral-reef shrimp. Nature 381:512?514.

Group(s): GOOS Biology & Ecosystems Panel
Created: 2015-07-10 Last Updated: 2015-07-14 by Oceanexpert MANAGER