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Details of  David S M Billett   


Gender male
Job title Managing Director
Deep Seas Environmental Solutions Ltd (
132 Woodlands Road Ashurst SO40 7AP
Deep Seas Environmental Solutions Ltd 132 Woodlands Road
SO40 7AP
United Kingdom
Regions Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Sea of Marmara
Black Sea
Sea of Azov
English Channel
Tel +44 (0) 23 80292309
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Website http://www.deepseasolutions.co.uk, http://www.noc.soton.ac.uk/obe/index.php?action=staff_entry&SID=36
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Degree PhD; BSc
Job type Technical Advice & Consulting
Research Area(s) Biological Oceanography, Marine Ecology , Marine Biotechnology, Marine Products , Biological Oceanography, Marine Ecology , Marine Biotechnology, Marine Products
Research Activities The ecology of the deep-ocean seabed including local, regional and global biodiversity, long-term change in deep-sea communities, echinoderm taxonomy, continental slope megafauna, bentho-pelagic coupling, seasonality in the deep-sea, abundance and biomass of deep-sea megabenthos, geographic and bathymetric zonation of deep-sea fauna, abyssal plains, continental slopes, canyons, seamounts, cold-water corals, non-hydrothermal vent mid-ocean ridge benthic invertebrates, life-history strategies, deep-sea in situ experimentation, natural biotechnological and biomedicine products, the application of deep-sea science to industry and international policy needs (International Seabed Authority).
Research Region 102
Skills/Expertise 36 years experience of research in the deep ocean at the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton. >50 research cruises including Principal Scientist. 7 years as Head of External Affairs, NOC, coordinating external income for all oceanographic disciplines. Co-Chair Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems Group. Head of DEEPSEAS Group. International Scientific Steering Committees for abyssal plain and continental margin research in the Census of Marine Life (2000-2010)> Member of the Legal and Technical Commission, International Seabed Authority (2007-2017).
PUBLICATIONS (as reported by David BILLETT)

Jones, D.O.B., Alt, C.H.S., Priede, I.G., Reid, W.D.K., Wigham, B.D., Billett, D.S.M., Gebruk, A.V., Rogacheva, A. and Gooday A.J. (2013). Deep-sea surface-dwelling enteropneusts from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: their ecology, distribution and mode of life. Deep-Sea Research II, 98, 374-387. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.05.009.
Billett, D.S.M., Bett, B.J., Evans, R., Cross, I., Tyler, P.A., Wolff , G.A. (2013). The reproductive ecology of deep-sea ophiuroids around the Crozet Plateau, southern Indian ocean, under contrasting productivity regimes. Deep-Sea Research II 92, 18-26.
Mora, C., Wei, C.-L., Rollo, A., Amaro, T., Baco, A.M., Billett, D.S.M., Bopp, L., Chen, Q., Collier, M., Danovaro, R., Gooday, A.J., Grupe, B.M., Halloran, P.R., Ingels, J., Jones, D.O.B., Levin, L.A., Nakano, H., Norling, K., Ramirez-Llodra, E., Rex, M., Ruhl, H.A., Smith, C.R., Sweetman, A.K., Thurber, A.R., Tjiputra, J.F., Usseglio, P., Watling, L., Wu, T., Yasuhara, M. (2013). Biotic and human vulnerability to projected changes in ocean biogeochemistry over the 21st century. PLoS Biology 11 (10) e1001682.
Van Dover, C.L., Aronson, J., Pendleton, L., Smith, S., Arnaud-Haond, S., Moreno-Mateos, D., Barbier, E., Billett, D.S.M., Bowers, K., Danovaro, R., Edwards, A., Kellert, S., Morato, T., Pollard, E., Rogers, A., Warner, R. (2013). Ecological restoration in the deep sea: Desiderata. Marine Policy 44, 98-106. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.07.006.
Alt, C. H. S., Rogacheva, A., Boorman, B., Hughes, J. A., Billett, D. S. M., Gooday, A. J., Jones, D. O. B. (2013) Trawled megafaunal invertebrate assemblages from bathyal depth of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (48°-54°N). Deep-Sea Research II, 98, 326-340. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.02.003.
Priede, I.M., Billett, D.S.M., Brierley, A.S., Hoelzel, A.R., Inall, M., Miller, P.I., Cousins, N.J., Shields, M.A. & Fujii, T. (2013). The ecosystem of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at the sub-polar front and Charlie Gibbs Fracture Zone; ECO-MAR project strategy and description of the sampling programme 2007-2010. Deep Sea Research II, 98, 220-239. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.06.012.
Lebrato, M., Pitt, K.A., Sweetman, A.K., Jones, D.O.B., Cartes, J.E.,, Oschlies, A., Condon, R.H., Molinero, J.C., Adler, L., Gaillard, C., Lloris, D. & Billett, D.S.M. (2012). Jelly-falls historic and recent observations: a synthesis to drive future research directions. Hydrobiologia 690, 227-245. DOI 10.1007/s10750-012-1046-8
Wolff, G.A., Billett, D.S.M., Bett, B.J., Holtvoeth, J., FitzGeorge-Balfour, T., Fisher, E.H., Cross, I., Shannon, R. Salter, I., Boorman, B., King, N.J., Jamieson, A. and Chaillan, F. (2011). The effects of natural iron fertilisation on deep-sea ecology. PLoS One 6 (6) 1-9. e20697 http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020697.
Benn, A.R., Weaver, P.P.E, Billett, D.S.M., van den Hove, S., Murdock, A.P., Doneghan, G.B., and Le Bas, T. (2010). Human Activities on the Deep Seafloor in the North East Atlantic: An Assessment of Spatial Extent. PLoS One 5(9): e12730. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012730.
Ebbe, B., Billett, D.S.M., Brandt, A., Ellingsen, K., Glover, A., Keller, S., Malyutina, M., Martinez, P., Molodtsowa, T., Rex, M., Smith, C.R. & Tselepides, T. (2010). Diversity of Abyssal Marine Life. In: McIntyre, A., (Ed). Chapter 8. Life in the World?s Oceans: Diversity, Distribution and Abundance. Wiley-Blackwell. 139-160.
Wei, C-L., Rowe, G.T., Escobar-Briones, E., Boetius, A., Soltwedel, T., ; Caley, M.J., Soliman, Y., Huettmann, F., Qu, F., Yu, Z., Pitcher, C.R., Haedrich, R.L., Wicksten, M.K., Rex, M.A., Baguley, J.G., Sharma, J., Danovaro, R., MacDonald, I.R., Nunnally, C.C., Deming, J.W., Montagna, P., Lévesque, M., Weslawski, J.M., Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, M., Ingole, B.S., Bett, B.J., Billett; D.S.M., Yool, A., Bluhm, B.A., Iken, K., Narayanaswamy, B.E. (2010). Global Patterns and Predictions of Seafloor Biomass Using Random Forests. PLoS One 5 (12) e15323 http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0015323
Ingels, J., Billett, D.S.M., van Gaever, S. & Vanreusel, A. (2010). An insight into the feeding ecology of deep-sea canyon nematodes - Results from field observations and the first in-situ 13C feeding experiment in the Nazaré Canyon. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2010.10.018
Billett, D.S.M., Bett, B.J., Reid, W.K.D., Boorman, B & Priede, M. (2010). Long-term change in the abyssal NE Atlantic: The ?Amperima Event? revisited. Deep-Sea Research II 57 (15) 1406-1417 doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.02.001
FitzGeorge-Balfour, T., Billett, D.S.M., Wolff, G.A., Thompson, A., Hudson, I.R. & Tyler, P.A. (2010). Phytopigments as biomarkers of selectivity in abyssal holothurians; inter-species differences in response to a changing food supply. Deep-Sea Research II 57 (15) 1418-1428. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.01.013
Soto, E., Paterson, G.L.J., Billett, D.S.M., Hawkins, L.E., Galéron, J. & Sibuet, M. (2010). Temporal variability in polychaete assemblages of the abyssal NE Atlantic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research II 57 (15) 1396-1405 doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.02.003
Lampitt, R.S., Billett, D.S.M. & Martin, A.P. (2010) (Eds) Water column and seabed studies at the PAP Sustained Observatory in the Northeast Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research II 57 (15) 1267-1428.
Amaro, T., Bianchelli, S., Billett, D.S.M., Cunha, M.R., Pusceddu, A., Danovaro, R. (2010). The trophic biology of the holothurian Molpadia musculus: implications for organic matter cycling and ecosystem functioning in a deep submarine canyon. Biogeosciences. 7, (8) 2419-2432. DOI: 10.5194/bg-7-2419-2010
Menot L., Sibuet M., Carney R.S., Levin L.A., Rowe G.T., Billett D.S.M., Poore G., Kitazato H., Vanreusel A., Galéron J., Lavrado H.P., Sellanes J., Ingole B., Krylova E. (2010) New Perceptions of Continental Margin Biodiversity. In: McIntyre, A., (Ed). Chapter 5. Life in the World?s Oceans: Diversity, Distribution and Abundance. Wiley-Blackwell. 79-101.
Glover, A G, A J Gooday, D M Bailey, D S M Billett, P Chevaldonné, A Colaço, J Copley, D Cuvelier, D. Desbruyères, V Kalogeropoulou, M Klages, N Lampadariou, C Lejeusne, N C Mestre, G L J Paterson, T Perez, H A Ruhl, J Sarrazin, T Soltwedel, E H Soto, S Thatje, A Tselepides, S Van Gaever, and A Vanreusel, (2010) Temporal change in deep-sea benthic ecosystems: A review of the evidence from recent time series studies. Advances in Marine Biology 58, 1-95.
Amaro, T., Witte, H., Herndl, G.J., Cunha, M.R. & Billett, D.S.M. (2009). Deep-sea bacterial community analyses structure in sediments and gut contents of a deposit feeder in the Portuguese canyons on the NE Atlantic continental margin. Deep-Sea Research I 56, 1834-1843
Smith, K.L., Ruhl, H., Bett, B.J., Billett, D.S.M., Lampitt, R.S. & Kaufmann, R.S. (2009). Climate, carbon cycling and deep-ocean ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (46), 19211-19218.
1. Hughes, J.A., Smith, T., Chaillan, F., Bett, B.J., Billett, D.S.M., Boorman, B., Fisher, E.H., Frenz, M. and Wolff, G.A. (2007) Two abyssal sites in the Southern Ocean influenced by different organic matter inputs: Environmental characterization and preliminary observations on the benthic foraminifera. Deep-Sea Research II, 54, (18-20), 2275-2290. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.06.006) 2. Billett, D.S.M., Bett, B.J., Jacobs, C.L., Rouse, I.P. and Wigham, B.D. (2006) Mass deposition of jellyfish in the deep Arabian Sea. Limnology and Oceanography, 51, (5), 2077-2083. 3. Neto, R.R., Wolff, G.A., Billett, D.S.M., Mackenzie, K.L. and Thompson, A. (2006) The influence of changing food supply on the lipid biochemistry of deep-sea holothurians. Deep-Sea Research I, 53, (3), 516-527. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2005.12.001) 4. Ramirez-Llodra, E., Reid, W.D.K. and Billett, D.S.M. (2005) Long-term changes in reproductive patterns of the holothurian Oneirophanta mutabilis from the Porcupine Abyssal Plain. Marine Biology, 146, (4), 683-693. (doi:10.1007/s00227-004-1470-z) 5. Billett, D.S.M. (2004) Sea cucumber explosion. Science Now, 18 March 2004 6. Howell, K.L., Billett, D.S.M., Tyler, P.A. and Davidson, R. (2004) Feeding ecology of deep-sea seastars (Echinodermata : Asteroidea): a pigment biomarker approach. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 266, 103-110. 7. Howell, K.L., Rogers, A.D., Billett, D.S.M. and Tyler, P.A. (2004) Reproductive isolation among morphotypes of the Atlantic seastar species Zoroaster fulgens (Echinodermata:Asteroidea). Marine Biology, 144, (5), 977-984. (doi: 10.1007/s00227-003-1248-8) 8. Hudson, I.R., Pond, D.W., Billett, D.S.M., Tyler, P.A. and Wolff, G.A. (2004) Temporal variations in fatty acid composition of deep-sea holothurians: evidence of bentho-pelagic coupling. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 281, 109-120. 9. Solis-Marin, F.A., Billett, D.S.M., Rogers, A.D. and Preston, J. (2004) Mitochondrial DNA sequence evidence supporting the recognition of a new species of the deep-sea holothurian genus Pseudostichopus from the North Atlantic. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 84, (5), 1077-1084. 10. Weaver, P.P.E., Billett, D.S.M., Boetius, A., Danovaro, R., Freiwald, A. and Sibuet, M. (2004) Hotspot ecosystem research on Europe's deep-ocean margins. Oceanography, 17, (4), 132-143. 11. Wheeler, A.J., Bett, B.J., Billett, D.S.M., Masson, D.G. and Mayor, D. (2004) The impact of demersal trawling on NE Atlantic deepwater coral habitats: the case of the Darwin Mounds, United Kingdom. In, Barnes, P. (ed.) Benthic habitats and the effects of fishing. Bethesda MD, USA, American Fisheries Society, 807-817. (American Fisheries Society Symposium 41). 12. Wigham, Benjamin D., Hudson, Iain R., Billett, David S.M. and Wolff, George A. (2003) Is long-term change in the abyssal Northeast Atlantic driven by qualitative changes in export flux? Evidence from selective feeding in deep-sea holothurians. Progress in Oceanography, 59, (4), 409-441. (doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2003.11.003) 13. Masson, D.G., Bett, B.J., Billett, D.S.M., Jacobs, C.L., Wheeler, A.J. and Wynn, R.B. (2003) The origin of deep-water, coral-topped mounds in the northern Rockall Trough, northeast Atlantic. Marine Geology, 194, (3-4), 159-180. (doi:10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00704-1) 14. Wigham, B.D., Tyler, P.A. and Billett, D.S.M. (2003) Reproductive biology of the abyssal holothurian Amperima rosea: an opportunistic response to variable flux of surface derived organic matter? Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 83, (1), 175-188. 15. Howell, K.L., Pond, D.W., Billett, D.S.M. and Tyler, P.A. (2003) Feeding ecology of deep-sea seastars (Echinodermata: Asteroidea): a fatty-acid biomarker approach. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 255, 193-206. 16. Hudson, I.R., Wigham, B.D., Billett, D.S.M. and Tyler, P.A. (2003) Seasonality and selectivity in the feeding ecology and reproductive biology of deep-sea bathyal holothurians. Progress in Oceanography, 59, (4), 381-407. 17. Howell, Kerry L., Billett, David S.M. and Tyler, Paul A. (2002) Depth-related distribution and abundance of seastars (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) in the Porcupine Seabight and Porcupine Abyssal Plain, N.E. Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 49, (10), 1901-1920. (doi:10.1016/S0967-0637(02)00090-0) 18. Ramirez Llodra, E., Tyler, P.A. and Billett, D.S.M. (2002) Reproductive biology of porcellanasterid asteroids from three abyssal sites in the northeast Atlantic with contrasting food input. Marine Biology, 140, (4), 773-788. (doi:10.1007/s00227-001-0750-0) 19. Billett, D.S.M. (2001) Tony Rice - deep-sea biologist. Progress in Oceanography, 50, (1/4), 1-11. (doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00045-3) 20. Billett, D.S.M., Bett, B.J., Rice, A.L., Thurston, M.H., Galéron, J., Sibuet, M. and Wolff, G.A. (2001) Long-term change in the megabenthos of the Porcupine Abyssal Plain (NE Atlantic). Progress in Oceanography, 50, (1/4), 325-348. (doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00060-X) 21. Billett, D.S.M. and Rice, A.L. (2001) The BENGAL programme: introduction and overview. Progress in Oceanography, 50, (1/4), 13-25. (doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00046-5) 22. Ginger, M.L., Billett, D.S.M., Mackenzie, K.L., Kiriakoulakis, K., Neto, R.R., Boardman, D.K., Santos, V.L.C.S., Horsfall, I.M. and Wolff, G.A. (2001) Organic matter assimilation and selective feeding by holothurians in the deep sea: some observations and comments. Progress in Oceanography, 50, (1-4), 407-421. (doi: 10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00063-5) 23. Sumida, P.Y.G., Tyler, P.A. and Billett, D.S.M. (2001) Early juvenile development of deep-sea asteroids of the NE Atlantic Ocean, with notes on juvenile bathymetric distributions. Acta Zoologica, 82, (1), 11-40.

Group(s): UKDIR , IOC , OOS
Created: 1997-09-09 Last Updated: 2015-05-15 by David BILLETT