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Details of MSc Damián Martínez-Fernández   


Gender male
Job title National Coordinator
Department Consolidating Costa Rica's Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
1735-1002 san jose San Jose
SINAC UNDP GEF 1735-1002 san jose
San Jose
Costa Rica
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Website http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Biodiversity/Costa%20Rica%20-%20%283956%29%20-%20Consolidating%20Costa%20Rica%27s%20Marine%20Protected%20Areas/4-8-09%20PIMS%204259-BD_CR_MPA_LOE_3Apr0.pdf
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Degree MSc
Job type Natural Resource Management
Research Area(s) Biological Oceanography, Marine Ecology , Biological Oceanography, Marine Ecology
Research Region Mesoamerica
Skills/Expertise Costa Rica is among the 20 most biologically diverse countries in the world. Although the country covers only 0.16% of the total surface area of the world’s oceans, it contains 6,778 species, representing approximately 3.5% of the world’s total number of marine species. Over the past 30 years, Costa Rica has made steady progress in consolidating its national protected area (PA) system. Costa Rica has 167 PAs covering 26% of the total national territory; however, only 21 are marine protected areas (MPAs) and cover just 1% of Costa Rica’s jurisdictional waters. Coastal and marine ecosystems remain largely under-represented within the PA system. The coastal and marine conservation gap analysis performed for Costa Rica identified 34 areas (comprising 20,985 km2) that are in need of conservation, 12 of which (16,300 km2) are considered to be high priority. The management of the MPAs remains weak and their financial sustainability is far from being achieved. Additionally, MPAs and their marine and coastal biodiversity are threatened by the overexploitation of marine resources, habitat degradation, unregulated coastal development, pollution, the presence of invasive species, and climate change. The long-term solution to these ongoing threats to coastal and marine biodiversity in Costa Rica depends on the consolidation of its MPAs through increased ecological representativeness, improved management effectiveness, and ensured financial sustainability. A strategy is proposed that will: a) strengthen the institutional framework and improve individual capacity for effective MPA management; b) increase and diversify funding for MPAs; and c) expand MPA coverage for improved ecological representativeness. The project proposed herein will provide global environmental benefits by expanding and/or creating 10 MPAs to increase marine ecosystem representation by up to 32.44% of the total area that was identified in the coastal and marine conservation gap analysis, including up to 407 km2 of terrestrial areas; 1,534 km2 of coastal-near coastal areas that are 0 to 30 meters deep; 4,472 km2 of marine areas that are 30 to 200 meters deep; and 422 km2 of oceanic areas that are deeper than 200 meters. This will benefit over 20 coastal and marine ecosystems (coral reefs, seagrasses, mangroves, beaches, coastal lagoons, and estuaries) and habitat for at least nine key marine and coastal species (the humpback whale, the manatee, sharks, and five species of sea turtles). In addition, the management effectiveness of MPAs will increase by 20% through: a) the implementation of participatory management arrangements in three MPAs; b) strengthening inter-institutional cooperation mechanisms; and c) developing a marine ecology monitoring strategy and a CC mitigation and management adaptation strategy for MPAs. Finally, the project will strengthen current sources of financing and revenue generation, as well as the inclusion of new financial mechanisms that will reduce the existing financial gap needed to cover MPA management costs. Overall, the project will promote effective biodiversity conservation in 12,235 km2 of coastal and marine areas in Costa Rica, enabling the protection of coastal and marine biodiversity of global, national, and local importance.

Martínez-Fernández, D; Montero-Cordero, A. & L. May-Collado. 2007. Evaluation of photo-ID techniques success in Pseudorca crassidens from coastal waters of Costa Rica. 17th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Cape Town South Africa
Leslie, A. & Martínez-Fernández, D. 2007. Costa Rica Reloaded How a third world country returned to the IWC. 17th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Cape Town South Africa
Montero-Cordero, A. & Martínez-Fernández, D. 2007. Whale-watching revenues and decree regulation awareness in the South Pacific of Costa Rica. 17th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Cape Town South Africa
Martínez-Fernández, D & F. Garita. 2006. Presencia de Orcas (Orcinus orca) en Costa Rica: posible ocurrencia estacional en aguas del Pacifico Tropical. Primera Reunión Internacional sobre el Estudio de Mamíferos Acuáticos SOMEMMA-SOLAMAC, 5 al 9 de noviembre 2006 Mérida, Yucatán. México
Martínez-Fernández, D; Montero-Cordero, A.; L. May-Collado & J. Calambokidis. 2005. Occurrence of Pseudorca crassidens in the pacific coastal waters of Costa Rica. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, San Diego Dec 12 - Dec. 16, 2005
Martínez-Fernández, D., Molina, C. & Montero-Cordero, A. 2011. New tool for assessing best practices for marine tourism in Costa Rica. II International Marine Conservation Congress, Victoria Canada. Bays, T. & Martínez-Fernández, D. 2011. S.U.R.F PROJECT: Empowering coastal youth as integral agents of change for marine conservation. II International Marine Conservation Congress, Victoria Canada. Molina, C., Martínez-Fernández, D. & Montero-Cordero, A. 2011. Designing an eco-label system with marine tour operators as an strategy of conservation empowerment, a case for Costa Rica. II International Marine Conservation Congress, Victoria Canada. Montero-Cordero, A., Martínez-Fernández, D. & G. 2010. Hernández. Mammalia, Carnivora, Otariidae, Arctocephalus galapagoensis (Heller, 1904): First continental record for Costa Rica. Check List 6(4):630-632 Martínez-Fernández, D., Montero-Cordero, A. & L. May. 2010. Presencia de cetáceos en aguas costeras del Pacífico norte y sur de Costa Rica. International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation Accepted

Created: 2007-09-13 Last Updated: 2014-06-03 by Damián MARTíNEZ-FERNáNDEZ