oceanexpert oceanexpert

© 2017, UNESCO/IOC Project Office for IODE, Ostend, Belgium   Find us on Google+

Details of Dr. Les Kaufman   


Gender male
Job title Professor, and Marine Conservation Fellow (CI)
Department Biology, and Division of Science and Knowledge (CI)
Boston University Marine Program, and Conservation International ( BUMP and CI)
90 Addington Road Brookline MA 02445 Brookline 02445
Boston University Marine Program, and Conservation International 90 Addington Road Brookline MA 02445
United States
Regions Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Sea of Azov
Tel 617 407 3685
Fax 617 353 6430
You must log in with an approved account to view email addresses.
Social Media Links
You must log in with an approved account to view social media links


Degree PhD
Job type Research
Research Area(s) Biological Oceanography, Marine Ecology , Fisheries, Aquaculture , Limnology , Biological Oceanography, Marine Ecology , Fisheries, Aquaculture , Limnology
Research Activities marine conservation in New England and the global tropics Development of diagnostic measures for ecosystem-based management. Development of spatially explicit dynamic modeling and decision tools for ecosystem service flows and tradeoffs in watersheds and coastal ocean. Evolutionary ecology of labroid fishes. Nearshore marine food webs.
Research Region nearshore tropical environments, Gulf of Maine, California
Skills/Expertise Fishes and fisheries, coral reefs, tropical freshwaters, ecosystem based management, ecosystem service modeling
PUBLICATIONS (as reported by Dr. Les KAUFMAN)

Hanlon, R. and L. S. Kaufman. 1976. Associations of seven West Indian reef fishes with sea anemones. Bull. Mar. Sci. 26(2): 225-232. Kaufman, L. S. 1976. Feeding behavior and functional coloration of the Atlantic trumpetfish, Aulostomus maculatus. Copeia 2: 377-388. Kaufman, L.S. 1977. Threespot damselfish: effects of benthic biota of Caribbean coral reefs. Proceedings, Third International Coral Reef Symposium, University of Miami: 559-564. Adey, W. H., P. J. Adey, R. Burke and L. S. Kaufman. 1977. The Holocene reefs of Eastern Martinique, French West Indies. Atoll Research Bull. 218: 1-40. Woodley, J., et al. 1981. Hurricane Allen: Initial impact on the coral reef communities of Discovery Bay, Jamaica. Science 214: 749-755. Kaufman, L.S. 1981. There was biological disturbance on Pleistocene coral reefs. Paleobiology 7(4): 527-532. Kaufman, L. S. and K. F. Liem. 1982. Fishes of the Suborder Labroidei (PISCES: Perciformes): Phylogeny, ecology, and evolutionary significance. Breviora 217: 1-19. Kaufman, L. S. 1983. Effects of Hurricane Allen on reef fish assemblages near Discovery Bay, Jamaica. Coral Reefs 2: 1-5. Ono, R. D. and L. S. Kaufman. 1983. Muscle fiber types and functional demands in fish feeding mechanisms. Journal of Morphology 177: 69-87. Liem, K. F. and L. S. Kaufman. 1984. Intraspecific macroevolution: functional biology of the polymorphic cichlid species Cichlasoma minckleyi. In: Evolution of Species Flocks. A. A. Echelle & I. Kornfield (eds.), pp. 203-215. Kaufman, L. S. and J. P. Ebersole. 1984. Microtopography and the organization of two assemblages of coral reef fishes in the West Indies. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 78: 253-263. Kaufman, L. S. 1987. Functional groups and the search for compensatory mechanisms in the population dynamics of North American freshwater fishes. pp. 4-1 to 4-15 In: R. G. Otto (ed.) Mechanisms of Compensatory Response of Fish Populations. EPRI EA-5202. Kaufman, L. S. 1987. Caught between a reef and a hard place: Why aquariums must invest in captive propagation. pp 365-362 In: Proceedings of the National Meeting of the American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquaria. Kaufman, L. S. 1988. The role of developmental crises in the formation of buttresses: A unified hypothesis. Evol. Trend. Plants 2(1): 39-51. Kaufman, L. S. 1989. Challenges to fish fauna conservation programs as illustrated by the captive biology of Lake Victoria cichlids. Pages 105-120 in B. L. Dresser, R. W. Reece, and E. J. Maruska, eds. Fifth World Congress on Breeding Endangered Species in Captivity. Kaufman, L. S. 1991. Progress in the conservation of endemic fishes from Lake Victoria. pp 403-408 In: AAZPA 1991 Annual Conference Proceedings 15 July 1991, San Diego, CA. Kaufman, L. S., J. Ebersole, J. Beets and C. MacIvor. 1992. A key phase in the recruitment dynamics of coral reef fishes: postsettlement transition. Environmental Biology of Fishes 34:109-114. Kaufman, L. S. 1992. Catastrophic change in species-rich freshwater ecosystems, the lessons of Lake Victoria. Bioscience 42:846-858. Kaufman, L. S. and P. Ochumba. 1993. Evolutionary and conservation biology of cichlid fishes as revealed by faunal remnants in lake Victoria. Conservation Biology 7(3):719-730. Kaufman, L. S. 1993. The Challenge of the World's Great Lakes. Conservation Biology 7(3):447-449. Gophen M., P.B.O.Ochumba, U. Pollingher and L.S. Kaufman. 1993. Nile Perch (Lates niloticus) invasion in Lake Victoria (East Africa). Verh. Internat. Limnol. 25:856-859. Kaufman, L. S. 1993. Why the ark is sinking. Chapter One in: The Last Extinction (2nd ed.). MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. Kaufman, L. S. (Ed.) 1993. People, Fisheries, Biodiversity, and the Future of Lake Victoria. ERL Special Publication 93-3, New England Aquarium, 68 pp. Chapman, L. J., L. S. Kaufman and C. A. Chapman. 1994. Why swim upside down: A comparative study of two synodontid catfishes. Copeia 1994(1): 130- 135. Hecky, R., F. Bugenyi, P. Ochumba, M. Gophen, L. Kaufman. 1994. Deoxygenation of the deep water of Lake Victoria, East Africa. Limnology and Oceanography 39:1476-1481. Andrews, C. and L.S. Kaufman. 1994. Captive Breeding programmes and their role in fish conservation. Creative Conservation. pp. 338-351. Kaufman, L. S. and F. Zaremba. 1995. Conservation Research in Aquariums: The Social Contract. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquaria (AAZPA), Spec. Pub. 2. Smith-Vaniz, W., L. S. Kaufman and J. Glowacki. 1995. Species-specific patterns of hyperostosis in marine teleost fishes. Marine Biology 121:573-580. Gophen, M., P. B. O. Ochumba, L. S. Kaufman. 1995. Some aspects of perturbation in the structure and biodiversity of the ecosystem of Lake Victoria (East Africa). Aquat. Living Resour. 8: 27-41. Van Staadan, M. Robert Huber, L. S. Kaufman, K. F. Liem. 1995. Brain evolution in cichlids of the African Great Lakes: Brain and body size, general patterns, and evolutionary trends. Zoology 98:165-178. Chapman, L.J., C.A. Chapman, L.S. Kaufman, and E. McKenzie. 1995. Hypoxia tolerance in twelve species of East African cichlids: Potential for low oxygen refugia in Lake Victoria. Conservation Biology 9:1-15. Sackley, P. and L. S. Kaufman. 1996. Effect of predation on foraging height in a planktivorous coral reef fish, Chromus nitida. Copeia 1996(3):726-729. Chapman, L.J., C.A. Chapman, R. Ogutu-Ohwayo, M. Chandler, L. Kaufman, and A.E.Keiter. 1996. Refugia for endangered fishes from an introduced predator in Lake Nabugabo, Uganda. Conservation Biology 10:554-61. Sanderson, L. M. C. Stebar, K. L. Ackermann, S. H. Jones, I. E. Batjakas, and L. Kaufman. 1996. Mucus entrapment of particles by a suspension-feeding tilapia (Pisces:Cichlidae). Jour. Exp. Biol. 199:1743-1756. Kaufman, L.S., L. J. Chapman and C. Chapman. 1996. The Great Lakes. pp. 178-204 In: T. R. McClanahan and T. P. Young (Eds) East African Ecosystems and Their Conservation. Longman Press, London. Duan, W., G.C. Booton, L. Kaufman, M. Chandler and P.A. Fuerst. 1996. Phylogenetic analysis of haplochromine cichlid taxa utilizing DNA heteroduplex separation techniques. In: E.M. Donaldson and D.D. MacKinlay (eds.), Aquaculture Biotechnology, Symposium Proceedings of the International Congress on the Biology of Fishes, American Fisheries Society, p. 95-104. Mwanja, W., L. Kaufman, M. Chandler and P.A. Fuerst. 1996. Population and stock characterization of Lake Victoria tilapiine fishes based on RAPD markers. In: E.M. Donaldson and D.D. MacKinlay (eds.), Aquaculture Biotechnology, Symposium Proceedings of the International Congress on the Biology of Fishes, American Fisheries Society, p. 115-124. Wu, L., G.C. Booton, L. Kaufman, M. Chandler and P.A. Fuerst. 1996. Use of DNA microsatellite loci to identify populations and species of Lake Victoria haplochromine cichlids. In: E.M. Donaldson and D.D. MacKinlay (eds.), Aquaculture Biotechnology, Symposium Proceedings of the International Congress on the Biology of Fishes, American Fisheries Society, p. 105-114. Chandler, M., L. S. Kaufman, and S. Mulsow. 1996. Open Oceans. Pp. 393-399 In: The Global Biodiversity Assessment. Scientific Committee On Problems in the Environment (SCOPE). Chandler, M., L. S. Kaufman, and S. Mulsow. 1996. Human impact, biodiversity and ecosystem processes in the open ocean. In: H. A. Mooney, J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala and E. -D. Schulze (Eds.). Functional Roles of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Pp. 431-474. Cohen, A., L. S. Kaufman, and R. Ogutu-Ohwayo. 1996. Anthropogenic impacts and conservation efforts on the African Great Lakes- A review. In: The Limnology, Climatology, and Palaeoclimatology of the East African Lakes (Ed. T. C. Johnson and E. O. Odada), pp. 575-624. Gordon and Breeach Publishers, The Netherlands. Kaufman, L. S., C. A. Chapman and L. J. Chapman. 1997. Evolution in fast forward: haplochromine fishes of the Lake Victoria region. Endeavour (London) 21(1):23-30. Huber, R., M. J. van Staaden, L.S. Kaufman, K.F. Liem. 1997. Microhabitat use, trophic patterns, and the evolution of brain structure in african cichlids. Brain, Behavior and Evolution (Austria) 50:167-182. Ogutu-Ohwayo, R., R.E. Hecky, A.S. Cohen, and L Kaufman. 1997. Human impacts on the African Great Lakes. Env. Biol. Fish. 50:117-131. Kaufman, L. S. 1997. Asynchronous taxon cycles in haplochromine fishes of the greater Lake Victoria region. S. Afr. Jour. Science. 93:601-606. Batjakas, I.E., R. K. Edgar and L. S. Kaufman. 1997. Comparative feeding efficiency of indigenous and introduced phytoplanktivores from Lake Victoria: Experimental studies on Oreochromis esculentus and Oreochromis niloticus. Hydrobiologia 347:75-82. Kaufman, L. S. and P. J. Dayton. 1997. Impacts of marine resource extraction on ecosystem services and sustainability. In: Daily, G. (Ed.), Nature's Services. Island Press. Pp. 275-293. Fuerst, P., W. Mwanja, L. Kaufman and G. C. Booten. 1997. Genetic phylogeography of introduced Oreochromis niloticus (Pisces:Cichlidae) in Uganda. Pp. 87-96 In: K. Fitzsimmons (Ed.). Tilapia Aquaculture Volume 1. Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service, Ithaca. Lindholm, J., P. J. Auster, L. S. Kaufman and M. Ruth. 1998. Post-settlement Survivorship of Juvenile Atlantic Cod and the Design of Marine Protected Areas. Pp. 138-168 In: E. M. Dorsey and J. Pedersen (eds.). Effects of Fishing Gear on the Sea Floor of New England. Science and Management of Protected Areas Association. Wolfville, N. S. Lindholm, J., M. Ruth, L. Kaufman, and P. Auster. 1998. The Marine Refuge as a Fishery Management Tool: A Modeling Approach to the Design of Marine Refugia. In: Munro, N.W.P. and Willison, J.H.M. (eds). Linking Protected Areas with Working Landscapes. SAMPAA, Wolfville, Nova Scotia. Chapman, C. A., L. S. Kaufman and L. J. Chapman. 1998. Buttress formation and directional stress experienced during critical phases of tree development. Tropical Ecology 14(3):341-350. Mwanja, W. and L. S. Kaufman, and P. A. Fuerst. 1998. A note on recent advances in the genetic characterization of tilapiine stocks in the Lake Victoria Region. Afr.J.Trop. Hydrobiol. Fish. 6(1&2): 51-53. Cervino, J. M., T. J. Goreau, R. L. Hayes, L. Kaufman, I. Nagelkerken, K. Patterson, J. W. Porter, G. W. Smith, and C. Quirolo. Coral disease. 1999. Science 280 (5363): 499. Booton, G.C., L. Kaufman, M. Chandler, R. Oguto-Ohwayo, W. Duan and P. Fuerst. 1999. Evolution of the ribosomal RNA internal transcribed spacer one (ITS-1) in cichlid fishes of the Lake Victoria region. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 11: 273-282 Wu, L., L. Kaufman and P.A. Fuerst. 1999. Isolation of microsatellite markers in Astatoreochromis alluaudi and their cross species amplification in other African cichlids. Molecular Ecology 8: 895 897. Mwanja, W.W., P.A. Fuerst and Les Kaufman. 1999. Lake Victoria Region: Large lakes and their surrounding minor water bodies as natural laboratories for speciation and evolution. Lakeline 19 (2): 12-25. Lindholm, J., Auster, PJ. and L. Kaufman. 1999. Habitat-mediated survivorship of juvenile (0-year) Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Marine Ecology Progress Series 180: 247-255. Chapman, C. A., L. J. Chapman, L. S. Kaufman and A. E. Zanne. 1999. Potential causes of arrested succession in Kibale National Park: growth and mortality of seedlings. African Journal of Ecology 37:81-92. Goodrich, J. S., S. L. Sanderson, I. E. Batjakas and L. S. Kaufman. 2000. Branchial arches of suspension-feeding Oreochromis esculentus: sieve or sticky filter? Journal of Fish Biology 56:858-875. Fuerst, P.A., Mwanja, W.W., and L. Kaufman. 2000. The Genetic History of the Introduced Nile Tilapia Of Lake Victoria (Uganda E. Africa): The Population Structure of Oreochromis niloticus (Pisces: Cichlidae) Revealed by DNA Microsatellite Markers. Tilapia Aquaculture in the 21st Century: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture (ISTA V): 30-40. Bentis, C., L. Kaufman and S. Golubic. 2001. Endolithic fungi in reef-building corals (Order:Scleractinia) are common, cosmopolitan, and potentially pathogenic. Biol. Bul.. 198:254-260. Mwanja, W. W., A. S. Armoudlian, S. B. Wandera, L. Kaufman, L. Wu, G. C. Booton, and P. A. Fuerst. 2001. The Bounty of Minor Lakes: The Role of Small Satellite Water Bodies in Evolution And Conservation of Fishes. Hydrobiologia 458: 55-62. Lindholm, J. B., P. J. Auster, M. Ruth, and L. S. Kaufman. 2001. Modeling the effects of fishing, and implications for the design of marine protected areas: juvenile fish responses to variations in seafloor habitat. Conservation Biology 15:424-437. Kaufman, L. and J. Schwartz. 2002. Nile perch population dynamics in Lake Victoria: implications for management and conservation. In: Ruth, M. and J. Lindholm (Eds.). Dynamic Modeling for Marine Conservation. Springer-Verlag,New York. p. 257-313. Potts, M., P. Ashton, L. S. Kaufman, and J. B. Plotkin. 2003. Habitat patterns in tropical rainforests: A comparison of 105 plots in northwest Borneo. Ecology. Sayama, Hiroki, Kaufman, Les & Yaneer Bar-Yam. 2003. Spontaneous Pattern Formation and Genetic Diversity in Habitats with Irregular Geographical Features. Conservation Biology. 17 (3) 893-900. Auster, P.J., J. Lindholm, S. Schaub, G. Funnell, L.S. Kaufman and P.C. Valnetine. 2003. Use of sand wave habitats by silver hake. Journal of Fish Biology 62L143-152. Chapman, L.J., C.A. Chapman, J.P. Olowo, P.J. Schofield, L.S. Kaufman, O. Seehausen, and R. Ogutu-Ohwayo. 2003. Fish Faunal Resurgence in Lake Nabugabo, East Africa. Conservation Biology 17:500-511. Balirwa, J.S., C.A. Chapman, L.J. Chapman, I.G. Cowx, K. Geheb, L. Kaufman, R.H. Lowe-McConnell, O. Seehausen, J.H. Wanink, R.L. Welcomme, and F. Witte. 2003. Biodiversity and Fishery Sustainability in the Lake Victoria Basin: An Unexpected Marriage? Bioscience 53:703-715. (Order of authorship alphabetical). Kaufman, L.S. 2003. Evolutionary footprints in ecological time: Water management and aquatic conservation in African lakes. In: Conservation, Ecology, and Management of African Freshwaters. In: T.L. Crisman, L.J. Chapman, C.A. Chapman, and L.S. Kaufman (editors). University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. p. 46-490. Chapman, L.J., C.A. Chapman, T.L. Crisman, and L.S. Kaufman. 2003. Conservation and management of African aquatic ecosystems: An Introduction. Pp. 1-6. (In) Conservation, Ecology, and Management of African Freshwaters. T.L. Crisman, L.J. Chapman, C.A. Chapman, and L.S. Kaufman (editors). University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. Chapman, L.J., C.A. Chapman, T.L. Crisman, and L. S. Kaufman. 2003. The conservation and management of African inland waters: A synthesis. Pp. 474-488. (In) Conservation, Ecology, and Management of African Freshwaters. T.L. Crisman, L.J. Chapman, C.A. Chapman, and L.S. Kaufman (editors). University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. Kaufman, L. S., B. Heneman, T. Barnes, and R. Fujita. 2004. Transition from low to high data richness: An experiment in ecosystem-based fishery management from California. Bull. Mar. Sci. 74(3):693-708. Ojwang, W.O., L. Kaufman, A. A. Asila, and S. Agembe and B. Michener. 2004. Isotopic evidence of functional overlap amongst the resilient pelagic fishes of Lake Victoria, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 529:27-35. Kaufman, L. and J. Wilson. 2004. On the appropriate scale for fishery management in New England, and its broader context. Conservation Perspectives, 2004(3) (online at http://www.nescb.org/epublications/fall2004/kaufman_wilson_main.html). Kaufman, L.S., J.B.C. Jackson, E. Sala, P. Chisolm, E.D. Gomez, C. Peterson, R.V. Salm and G. Llewellyn. 2004. Restoring and maintaining ecosystem function. Pp. 165-181 In: L. Glover and S. Earle (Eds.). Defying Ocean?s End. Island Press, Washington DC. 283pp. Bennett, W.A., K. Roinestad, L. Rogers-Bennett, L. Kaufman, D. Wilson-Vandenberg, and B. Heneman. 2004. Inverse regional responses to climate change and fishing intensity by the recreational rockfish (Sebastes spp.) fishery in California. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci 61(12): 2499-2510. Precht, W., S.L. Miller, R.B. Aronson, J.F. Bruno, and L. Kaufman. 2005. Reassessing U.S. Coral Reefs (letter). Science 308(5730): 1741. Lindholm, J., S. Fangman, L. Kaufman and S. Miller. 2005. In situ tagging and tracking of coral reef fishes from the Aquarius undersea laboratory. Marine Technology Society Journal 39: 68-73. Lindholm, J., L. Kaufman, S. Miller, A. Wagschal & M. Newvile. 2005. Movement of Ocyurus chysurus Bloch 1790 and Mycteroperca bonaci Poey 1860 in the northern Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary as determined by acoustic telemetry. Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series MSD-05-4. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Marine Sanctuaries Division, Silver Spring, MD. 17 pp. Lindholm, J., A. Knight, L. Kaufman and S. Miller, 2006. Site fidelity and movement of the parrotifishes Scarus coeruleus and Scarus taeniopterus at Conch Reef (northern Florida Keys). Caribbean Journal of Science (in press). Kaufman, L. 2006. If you build it, will they come? Toward a concrete basis for coral reef gardening. Pp. 119-142 In: Precht, W. (Ed.) Coral Reef Restoration Handbook: The Rehabilitation and Preservation of an Ecosystem Under Siege. CRC Press. Schwartz, J. D. M., M.J. Pallin, R.H. Michener, D. Mbabazi, & L.S. Kaufman. 2006. Effects of Nile perch, Lates niloticus, on functional and specific fish diversity in Uganda's Lake Kyoga system. African Journal of Ecology 44 (2): 145-156.

Created: 2006-08-01 Last Updated: 2015-05-15 by Les KAUFMAN