Oman is exposed to local tsunamis (Makran trench Zone) and distant tsunamis (Sunda trench zone). Other extreme hazards in Oman are tropical cyclones and flash floods. The Makran Trench Zone generated an earthquake of magnitude 8.3 in 1945, which made 4000 casualties in Pakistan and hit the Sur area in Oman with waves of 3 meters height. Tropical cyclones have hit the Omani coast several times; cyclone Gonu in 2007 made 49 casualties, while in 1890 a cyclone took 727 lives. Flash floods happen almost every year with infrequent casualties but important economic impact.
The Directorate General of Meteorology and Air Navigation (DGMAN) was tasked by the government of Oman to develop and establish a National Multi Hazard Early Warning System (NMHEWS). Within this framework the Ministry of Transport and communication of Oman and UNESCO signed Memorandum Of Understanding in 2009 towards developing NMHEWS under the technical assistance of UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC). The project is fully funded by Oman and was launched in 2010. It includes infrastructure for monitoring, processing, developing of SOPs (Standard Operating Procedure) and building the capacity in Oman for an end to end TWS including to raise PUBLIC AWARENESS.
In the above framework, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC/UNESCO) and Directorate General of Meteorology and Air Navigation (DGMAN) of Oman will host a workshop on Tsunami Public Awareness for national officers and key stakeholders of the National Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (NMHEWS). This workshop will be focused on public awareness for Tsunami Early Warning Systems. The workshop is scheduled in March 11-12, 2013 in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman..